The Eisenhower matrix is still widely used today by many individuals in many groups doing many different jobs. This time management model to do this work shows its efficiency thanks to its logic and clarity, which is highly applicable in life.
So what is a time management matrix? How to use this matrix? Find out in the following content.
Eisenhower time management matrix
The Eisenhower or time management matrix is considered a method to help allocate time effectively using the criteria of importance and urgency. The method divides the to-do list into four different groups.
One of the hallmarks of this matrix is that it is suitable for people who work on goals but don't have enough time to complete them.
This matrix also helps businesses, specifically employees, not get caught up in the work cycle and forget important tasks.
Related to Eisenhower's basic content, the matrix helps arrange tasks by priority level, helping to complete the tasks according to the orientation and goals. Tasks are classified according to urgent and important criteria to manage effectiveness. For example:
Referring to the origin of this principle, it was invented by Dwight D. Eisenhower – the 34th president of the United States, term from 1953 to 1961. Before becoming President, he served in the US Army throughout World War II.
He had difficulty organizing and focusing on work every day. This led him to invent the Eisenhower matrix, which was very helpful in handling multiple tasks at once.
The time management matrix will include the following 4 main groups:
Group 1 of the Eisenhower matrix includes important and urgent tasks. This group should be done first. Accordingly, the functions of group 1 should take up 15-20% of the time and have the following identifying signs:
Eisenhower matrix for time management
The important but not urgent tasks will belong to the second group of the time management matrix. This group will spend about 60-65% of the time on tasks.
To handle this group, you need to focus on your work and spend more time with this group than the other 3 groups. If a task takes longer, its importance is higher and vice versa.
The third group of the Eisenhower matrix includes urgent but unimportant tasks. The tasks will take about 10-15% of the time to complete. This team is required to handle tasks early and quickly.
Some manifestations of this group work include:
The last group of the matrix includes important but not urgent tasks. It would help if you did not spend too much time doing this group of work; only about 5% of the time should be processed.
Some non-critical and non-urgent tasks include:
Use Eisenhower matrix to manage tasks
When today's life pulls everyone into the hustle and bustle of work, making it difficult to manage and handle work effectively, this time management matrix can be considered a useful tool to help you manage time to do your job better.
By aligning the importance and urgency of the tasks that need to be done, you'll have a foundation to evaluate better, select, organize, and perform.
When using the Eisenhower time management matrix, you'll need to follow the right process to manage your time effectively.
Your matrix usage procedure can be done as follows:
Step 1: List all the tasks that need to be done completely, avoiding omitting or adding excess to the list
Step 2: Think, evaluate and arrange the work into the four groups outlined above:
Step 3: Perform the tasks according to the priority level of the groups as follows:
Eisenhower matrix example
When using the Eisenhower matrix, you will need to know the following tips:
When building a time management matrix, you need to keep a few points in mind:
If you are confused between two criteria, it is easy to work inefficiently and easily get confused.
In short, the time management matrix or Eisenhower matrix is a tool to help you manage the time to perform your tasks based on the importance and urgency of the work.
Once you've properly assessed the nature of your work, you'll be able to get it done with optimal performance.